What LED grow lights can give to cannabis plants?

When growing your cannabis plants indoors, you need to produce the magic of the sun with LED grow lights to help your plants thrive well. Compared to other grow lights LEDs are special as they give your cannabis plants almost optimal environment for their growth throughout the life cycle. Below is a list of what LED can give to your cannabis plants:

  1. Full Color/light spectrum

In order to grow healthier cannabis and get better yields, you need adequate light intensity and quality light that your plants would get if they were grown outdoors under natural sunlight. Sunlight has many spectrum that we cannot see with our naked eyes such as infrared and ultraviolet.

LEDs that are designed to grow plants can work well for cannabis. best led grow lights produce different light spectrums that are used by cannabis plants through different stages of growth. Such light spectrums include:

  • Ultraviolet light (UV)

Ultraviolet light has a spectral band of 10 to 400nm. UV light is said to be the major contributor for plant tastes, aroma and colors. This means it affects metabolic process. Studies have shown that UV light helps in accumulation of phenolic compounds that enhance plants extract antioxidant activity. UVB has been demonstrated to increase levels of Tetrahyrocannabinol (THC) which is a very important cannabis extract.

  • Blue light

Has a spectral band of 430 to 450nm which enables phototropins and cryptochromes of cannabis plant to initiate stomata opening, elongation growth, chloroplast movement and seedling growth. In simple terms, blue light is important as it encourage vegetative growth of cannabis plants.

  • Green light

Green light produced by LEDs has a spectral band of 500 to 550nm and has smaller role in cannabis growth. This light’s benefits are not well understood by studies show it encourages stomata opening and environmental signaling in cannabis plants. When combined with red, far-red and blue, green light completes a spectral treatment for understanding your plants physiological activity.

  • Far-red light

Has a wavelength of 730nm and is very important in cannabis plants bearing in mind they are short-day plants. The wavelength of far-red light is outside the active range of photosynthesis and is not important during vegetative stages of your cannabis plants. However, it can be of important use in flowering cannabis.

  • Red light

Has a light wavelength of 640 to 680nm. This light is very important in flowering and seed formation of your cannabis plants. The strong light wavelength is very important in flowering, stem growth and chlorophyll production in cannabis plants.

Why spectrum range is important for cannabis?

A mixture of light spectrum as produced by LED grow lights is used to promote different stages of cannabis growth. This helps explain why LED grow lights are better in growth of cannabis compared to other grow lights. Variety of spectrum can help design your cannabis based on what you want from them. Different aspects of the end products in cannabis will help explain why LEDs are suitable in your cannabis growth.

These aspects include:

  • Flower cosmetic appeal
  • Concentration of the fragrance
  • Flower density- This entails oil and wax ratio and resin content
  • Flower weight
  • Potency- Entails CBD and THC levels

Though there is no ideal spectrum to help achieve all these aspects you can use different LEDs with different lights at different growth stages of your cannabis to achieve what you want.

  1. Cool Temperature

LED grow lights do not produce much heat hence they give your plants a cool environment especially when there is optimal temperature for your plants. They help you save extra costs you would incur installing cooling systems.

  1. Enough time to grow

Many LEDs sold in the market today have been proven to have a life of up to 100,000 hours. Such LEDs give your plants enough time to go through all phases of growth till harvest time. This reduces the need to purchase new LEDs within a short period.


How to keep your Tiny Home Warm for the Winter Months

The tiny house movement continues to grow each year with more people excited to try out a new way of living. Living year round though in a tiny house means you’ll have to deal with winter at some point, unless you move to a southern latitude in the colder months. Fortunately, those in the north who’ll be experiencing winter needn’t worry too much because tiny homes are surprisingly easy to keep warm.

Being so small, tiny homes are usually very easy to heat. In fact, the more common problems are overheating and moisture. Living in a confined space generates more moisture, something you’ll need to be aware of if it’s not to cause any problems. Another thing to watch out for is your water pipes freezing. Follow these tips to keep your tiny home cozy for the winter months.

Revisit your Insulation

This requires some preparation so if your already experiencing winter it’s a bit late for this. Still, it’s worth knowing just how good a job your insulation is doing. If you purchased your tiny home ready-made you’ll want to check your purchase order to see what type of insulation it has and a ready-to-buy tiny houses for sale in PA.

Batt is typically the best insulation for floors, walls, and ceilings. For best results, the ceiling spaces should be insulated with batts of R-30 or R-38 while exterior walls should be R-13 to R-21. The R-value is a measure of the heat resistance of a material. The higher the number the greater the resistance.

In recent years, spray foam has become more popular as it allows for a tighter seal. If your tiny home has spray foam insulation it will work better at keeping the warm air in and cold air out.

Skirt your Trailer

Since many tiny homes are on trailers it’s important that you apply skirting when temperatures begin to drop. Skirting is an insulating material that you can tuck under your trailer to reduce airflow and protect any exposed utilities like water pipes. There are four options available for applying skirting.

  • Engineered Canvas – these are panels typically made of a heavyweight fabric that resists wind. They can be easily installed or removed as needed.
  • Concrete panels – these are specially designed panels that are reinforced with concrete fiber and galvanized wire made to prevent warping in extreme weather. They can resist thaw and provide a long-lasting solution.
  • Rigid Foam – this is an easy DIY solution that can be applied in a hurry. You can buy sheets of rigid foam in a hardware store and line them along your trailer.
  • Straw Bales – this is the easiest windbreaker to apply. You can pick up some bales from most local garden stores and apply them around the opening between your trailer and the ground.

Protect your water supply

The best way to protect your water from freezing in the winter months is by using a holding tank. This keeps the water in your tank at the same temperature as inside despite how cold it might be outside.

If you don’t have a holding tank the next best option is to insulate your fresh water hookup. This means purchasing a heated drinking hose like the Camco Heated Hose to replace your standard hose in the winter months. This requires constant electricity, usually in the form of an exterior 120V plug.

Have two sources of heating

It’s important to have two sources of heating in case one of them fails. The best combination is an electric heater and wood stove. This way you’ll always have a backup in case one of them fails. You can purchase a simple wall mount electric heater from any retail store. For best results place each heat source at opposite ends so the heat is evenly distributed.

No one likes dealing with the cold during the winter months but with a little preparation and DIY, you needn’t worry about your tiny home getting cold this winter.


Factors To Consider When Buying A Mattress Topper

A good mattress topper can increase the lifespan of your mattress, prevent you from overheating and offer you a more comfortable night sleep. However, if you want to buy yourself a mattress topper there are a few things you should consider.

  1. Material used

There is a wide range of materials used in making mattress toppers. Therefore knowing what you hope to gain from the mattress topper is important because each material has its pros and cons. To give you a better idea of what each material offers below is a quick brief.

Latex: Latex stands out in terms of comfort and support. Additionally, it is good in alleviating pressure points. Lastly but not the least, latex is very durable and hypoallergenic. On the negative side, latex is very expensive and retains heat.

Memory foam: memory foam provides unbeatable comfort and support. Besides, memory foam is great for pain relief. If you toss and turn a lot while sleeping, memory foam help in reducing motion transfer. On the negative side, memory foam off gases and may retain heat.

Wool: it provides superior softness and it is very comfortable. Another good thing about wool is durability and good temperature regulation features. However, they provide less cushioning than that other materials.

Feather and down: they are very soft and feels luxurious. In addition, feather and down are durable and have temperature regulation features. However, they provide little support and may require regular fluffing to keep its shape.

Cotton and polyester: they are soft and very easy to clean. Unfortunately, they do not last long and finding a high-grade cotton is expensive.

Egg-crate: they are cheap and lightweight making them easy to transport. However, they are less durable; less padded and may retain heat.

  1. Density

The mattress topper density is another important consideration. Quite often, topper densities range between 2 -6+ pounds per cubic feet.

As the general rule of thumb, the higher the density the better the support a topper provides. Again the more it lasts. So a topper whose density is between 2-3 pounds will feel softer and less supportive and will allow your body to sink more. Read tuft and needle mattress review to know more.

Between 4-5 pounds, the topper provides a good balance of softness and support and this is the ideal density for many people. Beyond 6 pounds, the topper will feel firmer and it is better for people who need a high level of support.

  1. Hot or cold

Keep in mind that not all toppers have temperature-regulating functions. Some are made with materials that retain heat and may sleep hotter than others are.

On the other hand, some toppers are made to automatically regulate temperature. Therefore, it is important you understand your needs first and then choose a topper made from the right materials.

  1. Topper firmness

Mattress topper comes in three-firmness level: soft, medium and firm. A soft topper provides a little extra comfort and support. Such toppers are good for those who need to enhance the comfort of a very firm mattress.

Medium firm toppers provide a balanced level of comfort and support. It also contours well to the body natural curves and this helps in reducing pressure around the heavier areas.

Conversely, firm mattress toppers provide a little extra comfort but more support to the areas that need it most. These toppers are ideal for those with saggy or indented mattresses.

  1. Your budget

With the countless options on the market, it is not easy to narrow down the choices. However, keeping an eye on your budget can help you delve deeper into your desired specifics. Since mattress topper cost is very diverse, your budget can help you to slim down.

Although there is an old adage saying that ‘you get what you pay for’ do not always buy the most expensive toppers since you can still get good toppers at affordable prices.

And finally;

If you choose the right mattress topper according to your sleep needs, then be sure to start sleeping better. As a reminder, things that matter when choosing a mattress topper are; the material used density, firmness level, hot or cold and price. All the best as you make the purchase decision.


Ways To Maintain Your Bed Mattress

It is important that you keep your bed mattress in good shape at all times otherwise you will end up having bad days as you wake up. There are different ways for you to ensure that you can maintain your bed. To make sure that you’re doing the right thing, here are the following ways.

  1. It needs turning

Every mattress that you own needs to be turned to its other side. Its purpose is to make sure that both sides are used for sleeping. The bed mattress is constructed to a kind of design that fits for sleeping. It allows for you to settle and to avoid depression of the mattress. There should be regular rotation in using your mattress and always read the manufacturer’s manual guide for further instructions.

  1. No-turn

However, there are other types of bed mattresses that doesn’t have to be turned regularly as often. It is constructed mainly for only one side of sleeping. If you are a busy type of person with hectic schedules, perhaps this kind of bed is best suited for you. Although it is still beneficial if you turn the bed to sides. As mentioned, never missed out reading the manufacturer’s guide for a no-turn bed mattress, which are called the best mattress.

  1. The No need turn type of bed mattress

This is another type of bed mattress that you don’t necessarily have to turn to sides. It is another option for people who have less time arranging their bedroom or those who are rarely staying home. This has all its benefits of not turning a bed mattress, however, the only downside is that as soon as it gets soiled it would be stressful to you. As much as possible, take time to turn its side so that you can make use of the entire function of the mattress. Once again, always refer to the manual’s guide for further instructions.

Improving the fillings of your mattress

Settlement is a term used to describe how the filling of the mattress are settled or in other words compressed as soon as it is slept on. The respond of the fillings would depend on the weight that you have put on. You don’t have to worry as this is normal. This actually molds the entire shape of the body and the comfort of the mattress will also improve the entire fillings to settle.

The process of settlement would take up to three months or even longer depending on how the fillings are responsive to the added weight. If you see that there is a slight indentation to the bed mattress top surface that’s because you have placed weight on it and it is a normal process as it remained after the settlement.

Maintenance is necessary for you to have a longer lasting bed mattress. Keep in mind that a bed mattress can be considered an investment for your home to keep which is why you need to check the manufacturer’s guide for its proper ways of maintaining.


3 tips to live peacefully in a tiny house on wheels

Living in a tiny house may be the dream of many people. However, these houses are not like the typical houses in which we live. Many people don’t like to see people parking their houses here and there. They want these houses out of the way. Here are some tips that can help you to live peacefully in a tiny house.


Know the laws of your area

You should be well aware of the laws that govern the tiny house on wheels. The laws are very easy to follow. If you park your house in a place that’s appropriate according to the law of that area then no one will be able to tell you to move.


Be aware of the tax assessors

Make sure that you build and park your house according to the laws of that particular area. The tax assessors take random aerial photos of houses to collect taxes. So, make sure that if the tax assessors find your house, you can show the legal papers for your house.


Keep low profile

You should avoid parking your house in places where lots of people pass by or live. You should keep your house out of sight of people. That way they won’t feel disturbed and won’t ask you to move out.

The bottom line is that you should be a good neighbor so that those people don’t get any scope to complain about you. That way you will be able to live peacefully.


3 ways to park your tiny house on wheels

Living in a tiny house on wheels can be a great experience. It is considered part of an economic living and you will save a lot of money at the end of the month by living on this type of houses. However, as they don’t have a specific foundation, it can be hard to park them. Here are three ways you can park your house.


Use other’s property

You can park it inside other people’s property and give them monthly rent for it.This way the landlord can have some extra income. You will also get the opportunity to park your house at a safe place. You can also park your house in exchange for some services. For example, the landlord may need a hand for gardening. So, you can help him and in exchange get the permission to park your tiny house on that premise.


Park in rural areas

You can easily park your tiny house on wheels in rural areas. This way it will be out of people’s inquisitive gestures. They won’t complain about your house to the authority and you may not have to pay anything extra for parking your house.



You can find people in similar situation as yours. Discuss with them and buy land together to park your tiny houses. This way you won’t need to spend a fortune to buy land for your tiny house on wheels.

Despite these options, you can also register your tiny house as an RV. That way you will be able to park your house in the mobile parking lots designated for RVs.